S/Sgt. Henry M. Luther
S/Sgt. Henry M. Luther was
one of the twin sons of Walter P. Luther &
Sibylla Bennagalee-Luther born in Milwaukee,
Wisconsin in September 1918. In 1934, the
family moved to Janesville where his four sisters,
his brother, and he grew up 341 North High Street
in Janesville. He attended Janesville
schools, and after high school, he worked in a
In 1939, Henry and his brother, John, joined the 32nd Tank Company of the Wisconsin National Guard. In the fall of 1940, Henry went to Fort Knox, Kentucky, with his tank company for one year of federal service. The company was renamed A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion.
During this time, Henry rose in rank quickly. He also became a tank commander. It seemed as if he was promoted to a rank, his brother was promoted soon after he was. While he was training at Ft. Knox, that his mother died in July, 1941.
In the September, 1941, Henry accompanied the 192nd to Louisiana to take part in maneuvers. It was after these maneuvers that he learned that the tank company was not being released from military service but sent overseas.
The battalion traveled by train to
San Francisco. By ferry, they
were taken to Ft. McDowell on Angel
Island. On the island, they
received inoculations and
physicals. Those members of
the battalion who were found to have
treatable medical conditions
remained behind on the island.
They were scheduled to join the
battalion at a later date.
Ten hours after the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor. Henry lived through the attack on Clark
Field. The morning of
December 8th, December 7th in the
United States, the 192nd was ordered
to the perimeter of Clark
Field. A week earlier, they
had been given assigned positions
around the airfield to guard against
enemy paratroopers. At 8:30,
the American planes took off and
filled the sky. They landed at
noon and lined up near the mess hall
while the pilots went to
A Company, on January 5th, was near the Gumain River attached to the 194th Tank Battalion. It was evening and they believed they were in a relatively safe place. Lt. Kenneth Bloomfield told his men to get some sleep. Their sleep was interrupted by the sound of a gun shot. The tankers had no idea that they were about to engage the Japanese who had lunched a major offensive.
The tankers sprayed a withering fire on the Japanese. Taking heavy casualties, the Japanese put down a smoke screen. Because of the wind, the smoke blew back on their own troops.
During the engagement there was a great deal of confusion which the Japanese took advantage of. One Japanese soldier managed to plant a thermite bomb on a tank's bow gun port. The crew was wounded when it went off. To prevent the loss of the tank, Henry climbed into it and drove it to a safe location. For his actions, he received the Silver Star. At three in the morning, the Japanese broke off the engagement.
A Company was sent, in support of the
194th, to an area east of
Pampanga. It was there that they
lost a tank platoon commander, Lt.
William Reed. The company returned
to the 192nd on January 8, 1942.
On April 9, 1942, Henry became a Prisoner Of War when the Filipino and American forces on Bataan were surrendered. He took part in the death march and was held as a POW at Camp O'Donnoll and Cabanatuan. Sometime after this, he was sent to Bilibid Prison. It is known he was there in January, 1943.
From Bilibid, he went out on a work detail to POW Camp #8. The POWs on this detail were held at the Bachrach Garage on an island off Manila. There the POWs repaired mechanical equipment for the Japanese. With Henry on this detail was his brother, Maurice Lustig, and John Burke of A Company.
When it became apparent to the Japanese that the American invasion of the Philippines was not far off, Henry and the other POWs were next sent to Bilibid Prison outside Manila in late 1944. He was next sent to the Port Area of Manila. When his POW group arrived, the Japanese made the decision that they board the Arisan Maru. Another POW group was suppose to sail on the ship, but they had not arrived and the ship was ready to sail.
1803 prisoners were crammed into the second hold of the Arisan Maru. They were packed in so tight that they could not move. Those POWs who had lain down in the wooden bunks along the haul could not sit up because the bunks were so close together. Eight large cans served as the washroom facilities for the POWs.
The ship sailed on October 11th, but instead of heading for Formosa, it went to a cove off Palawan Island. It was sent there to avoid American planes. While in the cove, the POWs began to develop heat blisters. Some POWs found a way to wire the ship's ventilation system into its lighting system. The Japanese had removed the lights but had not turned off the power. For two days the POWs had fresh air. When the Japanese discovered what had been done, they turned off the power.
On October 20th, the Arisan Maru returned to Manila. There it joined twelve other ships bound for the Island of Formosa. On Tuesday, October 24, 1944, in the early evening, the Arisan Maru was, off the coast of China in the Bashi Channel in the South China Sea.
Some POWs were preparing dinner for the POWs in the ship's two holds. Suddenly, the Japanese ran to the bow of the ship. A torpedo passed in front of the ship. The Japanese ran to the stern. A second torpedo passed behind the ship. Suddenly the ship shook and stopped dead. It had been hit amidships by two torpedoes.
The guards began firing at the POWs on deck. These men dove into the holds to save their lives. Once in the holds, the Japanese cut the rope ladders and covered the holds with their covers. They did not lash the covers down, since they had already been ordered to abandon ship.
Some POWs made it out of the second hold and reattached the rope ladders. The POWs left the holds and milled around on the ship's deck. The ship sank lower into the water. When it became apparent that the ship was sinking, many of the POWs attempted to find anything that would float. A group of 30 POWs swam to a nearby ship. When they reached it, they were hit with clubs and pushed away with poles.
Five POWs fond an abandoned life boat. They climbed in and found it had no oars. With the rough seas, they could not maneuver it to help other POWs. According to these men, the Arisan Mau split in to two and sank sometime after dark. They heard cries for help. Then, there was silence.
Although most of the prisoners survived the submarine attack, the y died when the Japanese refused to allow them on other ships. Henry Luther was one of the 1794 POWs who went into the water as the ship sank. He was not one of the nine American POWs who survived the ship's sinking.
S/Sgt. Henry M. Luther died on October 24, 1944. Since he died at sea, his name appears on the Tablets of the Missing at the American Military Cemetery at Manila.
After the war, Henry's father accepted his Silver Star.