Linse

 

Pvt. Wilbur E. Linse


Born: 17 February 1918 - Buffalo County, Wisconsin

Parents: Etta Goeldner-Linse & Alvin A. Linse

Siblings: 3 brothers, 2 sisters

Home: Lanson Valley Road - Modena Township, Buffalo County, Wisconsin

Occupation: farmer

Inducted: 

    - U. S. Army 

        - 18 April 1941 - Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

        - tank mechanic 

        - at some point he trained as a medic 

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana
        - received orders for overseas duty

Note: The reason for this move was an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a buoy, with a flag, in the water.  He came upon more flagged buoys that lined up - in a straight line - for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island, with a large radio transmitter, hundred of miles away.  The squadron continued its flight plane and flew south to Mariveles and then returned to Clark Field.  When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day, so the next day - when a when planes were sent to the area - the buoys had been picked up and a fishing boat was seen making its way toward shore.  Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was poor, nothing was done to intercept the boat.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.

        - ferried to island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - received physicals from medical detachment - 25 October 1941 - 26 October 1941
            - men with minor health issues held back and scheduled to rejoin battalion at later date
            - other men simply replaced

    - Ft. McDowell, Angel Island

Overseas Duty:
    - Boarded: U.S.A.T. Gen. Hugh L. Scott
    - Sailed: Monday - 27 October 1941 - San Francisco, California
    - Arrived: Sunday - 2 November 1941 - Honolulu, Hawaii
    - Sailed: Wednesday - 5 November 1941
        - took southerly route away from main shipping lanes
        - joined by the heavy cruiser, the U.S.S. Louisville and the transport, S.S. President Calvin Coolidge
            - smoke seen on horizon
            - Louisville revved its engines, its bow came out of the water, and it shot off in the direction of the   
              smoke
                - ship was from a neutral country  
    - Sunday - 9 November 1941 - crossed International Date Line
        - work up on Tuesday - 11 November 1941
    - Arrived: Sunday 16 November 1941 - Guam
            - loaded bananas, coconuts, vegetables, and water
    - Sailed: Next day
    - Arrived: Manila Bay - Thursday - 20 November 1941 - about 8:00 A.M.
    - Disembarked: 3:00 P.M.
        - taken to St. Stostenburg by bus
        - lived in tents along road between the fort and Clark Airfield

Stationed:
        - Ft. Stotsenburg
            - General Edward King met the soldiers when they arrived
           
    - apologized to soldiers about living conditions
                - lived in tents along main road between fort and Clark Airfield

                - made sure they all had Thanksgiving Dinner before he had his dinner 
Engagements:

    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942
            - 8 December 1941
                - lived through attack on Clark Field
                - took cover since the medical detachment had no weapons to fight planes
            - 13 December 1941
                - inspecting aid stations
                    - drove jeep across Clark Field when Japanese planes attacked
                    - others in jeep: Capt. Alvin Powleit, Pvt. Robert Ryan, Pvt. Earl Weaver
                    - stopped jeep and it would not stop
                    - took cover during attack
            - 14 December 1941
                - medical detachment left Clark Field
                - set up aid station in a dried river bed
            - 21 December 1941
                - medical detachment moved north toward Lingayen Gulf with rest of battalion
            - 23 December 1941
                - detachment at Sison being shelled
                    - withdrew with battalion down Route 3
                    - the detachment bivouac-ed
                    - heard tanks
                        - the tanks were Japanese
                        - packed up and went south through Urdaneta
                        - crossed over Agno River bridge and passed through Carmen
            - 25 December 1941
                - set up aid station south of Rosales
                - medics checked letter companies
                - bivouac bombed and strafed
            - 27 December 1941
                - located at Santo Tomas
                    - detachment slept in churchyard
            - 28 December 1941
                - General MacArthur ordered medics not to carry guns
                - kept their guns
            - 28/29 December 1941
                - located near San Isidro
                    - area shelled for three hours
                    - one tank crew injured when a shell caused it to turn over
                    - medics noted that tank crews were in poor condition from lack of sleep and food
            - 30 December 1941
                - detachment did not receive order to pull out
                - ordered out by Capt. John Morley
                    - drover trucks through Gapan
                        - barrio was occupied by Japanese
                        - went through so fast Japanese could not stop them
            - 1 January 1942
                - detachment bivouac-ed north of Luog
            - 2 January 1942
                - treated S/Sgt. Joseph Wierzchon, C Company, who had been wounded by mortar fire
                - Pfc. Frank Byars while delivering a message killed by Filipino who mistook him as a
                  German
            - 4 January 1942
                - medical detachment at Culis
                - treated wounded of the 194th Tank Battalion
                    - 2nd Lt Weeden Petree shot in abdomen
                -  tank shot down Zero which was strafing
            - 6 January 1942
                - shelling destroyed 194th Medical Detachment truck
                - shared what they had with 194th
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - 7 January 1942
                - Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Gen. James Weaver visit tankers
                    - MacArthur asked why the men were not in the hospital
                    - Dr. Alvin Poweleit replied, "Who would man the tanks?"
                - later in day Japanese bombed and strafed area
             - 10 January 1942
                - A and B Companies, and companies of 194th assigned beach duty
                    - from Abucay to Lamao
            - 18 January 1942
                - moved back to Pilar and Balanga which were burning when they went through
                - tanks inflicted heavy damage to Japanese infantry
             - 19 January 1942
                - dropped back to Orion
                - caught wild pig, roasted it
                - food truck arrived and medics ate first American food in two days
            - 20 January 1942
                - bivouac at 147 kilometer marker (from Manila)
                - Japanese attempted landing
            - 29 January 1942
                - ordered to West Coast of Bataan
                - start of Battle of the Points
            - 31 January 1942
                - Quinauan Point cleared
                    - a Japanese diary said the Japanese were more afraid of being hit by a grenade then of it
                      exploding
            - 3/8 February 1942
                - Battle of the Pockets
                    - several tanks disabled
                    - attempted to recover them
                    - several members of battalion wounded or killed
            - 9 February 1942
                - medical detachment at 218 Kilometer on West Road
                    - medics report tank crews in bad shape
            - 11 February 1942
                - moved to kilometer 205, West Road
                - bombed and shelled
It was at this time the tank battalions received these orders which came from Gen. Weaver: "Tanks will execute maximum delay, staying in position and firing at visible enemy until further delay will jeopardize withdrawal.  If a tank is immobilized, it will be fought until the close approach of the enemy, then destroyed; the crew previously taking positions outside and continuing to fight with the salvaged and personal weapons. Considerations of personal safety and expediency will not interfere with accomplishing the greatest possible delay."
        - February 1942
            - tank battalions on their own guarded airfields
            - battalions also guarded beaches to prevent Japanese from landing troops   
             - March 1942
                - treated tank crews for various sicknesses
            - 3 April 1942
                - Japanese lunched major offensive
            - 8 April 1942
                - ammunition dumps destroyed
Tank battalion commanders received this order, "You will make plans, to be communicated to company commanders only, and be prepared to destroy within one hour after receipt by radio, or other means, of the word 'CRASH', all tanks and combat vehicles, arms, ammunition, gas, and radios: reserving sufficient trucks to close to rear echelons as soon as accomplished."
            - 10:30 P.M. - Gen. King announced that further resistance would result in the massacre of 6000 sick or
              wounded troops and 40000 civilians
            - less than 25% of his troops were healthy enough to continue fighting
            - he estimated they could hold out one more day
            - sent his staff officers to negotiate the surrender of Bataan
            - 11:40 P.M. - ammunition dumps blown up

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps: 

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan

            - "healthy" POWs sent to camp 

            - assigned to Barracks 7, Group 2

                - many of the medical staff assigned to barracks

            - 17 August 1944 - sent to Bilibid

    - Japan: 

        - Unknown Camp

        - Sendai #10

            - Work: Mining

Hell Ship:

- Noto Maru

        - Sailed: Manila - 27 August 1944 

        - Arrived: Takao & Keelung, Formosa

        - Sailed: Keelung, Unknown

        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 4 September 1944

Liberated: 

    - September 1945
        - returned to the Philippine Islands

Promoted: Corporal
Transport:
    - U.S.S. General R. L. Howze
        - Sailed: Manila - 23 September 1945
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 16 October 1945 - 3:00 A.M.

            - someone spotted lights of San Francisco

            - the former POWs lined the rails as a tug helped the ship to the pier

            - men openly cried as a band played "San Francisco"
            - former POWs taken to Letterman General Hospital

Discharged: 28 April 1946
Reenlisted:  not known
Discharged: 1951
Residence: lived in California and Arizona
Never Married
Hospitalized: throat infection

Died: 9 January 1957 - Phoenix, Arizona

Buried:
    -15 January 1957

        - Saint Paul Lutheran Cemetery - Modena, Wisconsin


 

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