Groves

 

Pvt. James Thomas Groves


Born: 15 February 1920 - Kentucky

Home: 9 South Main Street - Henderson, Kentucky

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army - 22 January 1941

        - Louisville, Kentucky

            - enlisted with his friend William Jardot

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana

Overseas Duty:
    - U.S.A.T, Hugh L. Scott
        - Sailed: San Francisco - Monday - 27 October 1941
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - remained in Hawaii until other ships in convoy arrived
        - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
        - Arrived: Guam - Not Known
            - ship loaded with water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables
        - Sailed: same day
        -Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Thursday - 20 November 1941
            - soldiers disembark ship three hours after arrival
            - boarded buses for Ft. Stotsenburg
            - maintenance section remained behind to unload tanks from ship
        - Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands

Engagements: 

    Northern Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942 

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942 

            - transferred to 17th Ordnance 

Prisoner of War: 

    9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps: 

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan

        - Bilibid Prison

    Manchuria: 

        - Tokyo 12-B

            Work: stevedore

Hell Ship: 

    - Nagato Maru  

        - Sailed: Manila - 11 November 1942

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 14 November 1942

        - Sailed: 17 November 1942

        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands -same day

        - Sailed: 18 November 1942

        - Arrived: Keelung, Formosa - same day

        - Sailed: 20 November 1942

        - Arrived: Moji  - 24 November 1942

Liberated: 4 September 1945

Married: Lillian Skeeter

Children: 1 daughter, 1 son

Died:

    - 24 June 1978 - Evansville, Indiana

Buried:

    - Oak Hill Cemetery - Evansville, Indiana


 

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