Pvt. Albert Joseph DuBois
Pvt. Albert J. DuBois was
born on January 16, 1918, in St. Paul, Minnesota,
to Peter and Philamoine DuBois. While a
child, Albert's father passed away. His
mother would remarry and the family would move to
Wisconsin. After he finished school, he went
to work in the Civilian Conservation Corps.
He grew up in Webster, Wisconsin, and was drafted into the army on April 9, 1941, and was sent to Ft. Knox, Kentucky, where he was assigned to A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion. The reason for this was that A Company had originated as a Wisconsin National Guard company and the army was attempting to fill vacancies in each of the letter companies with men from the home states of the companies. In his opinion, he did not learn much at Ft. Knox since he was not there very long. The one thing that he did learn at Ft. Knox was how to drive a tank.
Albert took part in the Louisiana maneuvers in
the late summer of 1941. Being a tank
driver, he was assigned to the tank crew of Sgt.
Owen Sandmire. Albert believed that
the maneuvers taught him how his tank operated
in combat situations. After the completion
of the maneuvers, the battalion was sent to Camp
Polk, Louisiana, instead of returning to Ft.
Knox. It was there that they learned that
they were being sent to overseas duty.
morning of December 8th, December 7th in the
United States, the 192nd was guarding the
southern perimeter of Clark Field. A
week earlier, they had been given assigned
positions around the airfield to guard
against enemy paratroopers. At 8:30
that morning, the American planes took off
and filled the sky. They landed at
noon to be refueled, and lined up in a
straight line near the mess hall. The
pilots went to lunch.
The tankers were at Santo Tomas near
Cabanatuan on December 27th, and at
San Isidro south of Cabanatuan on
December 28th and 29th. On
January 1st, conflicting orders were
received from the General
MacArthur's chief of staff about who
had command of the troops.
Gen. Wainwright was attempting to
stop the Japanese advance down Route
5 which would allow the Southern
Luzon Forces to withdraw toward
Bataan and was unaware of the
On April 9, 1942, Albert and the other tank crews of A Company were ordered to destroy their equipment, because they had been surrendered to the Japanese. The members of A Company made their way to Mariveles at the southern tip of Bataan. It was from there that Albert began what would become known as the Bataan Death March.
On the march, Albert witnessed numerous beatings. He also saw the Japanese guards bayonet those who could not keep up or had fallen to the ground. In his opinion, the extremely hot temperatures, lack of water, lack of food, and general fatigue of the prisoners all contributed to making the march so terrible. He recalled that all he had to eat on the entire march was one bowl of food.
As a Prisoner of War, Albert was held first at Camp O'Donnell. The worst thing about the camp was the burial detail. On an average day, fifty American prisoners had to be buried.
When Cabanatuan was opened, Albert was sent there. In this camp, he worked in the garden that grew badly needed food for the POWs. The worst thing that Albert witnessed as a prisoner there was four prisoners were forced to dig their own graves and shot. They had been caught trying to escape by the Japanese
Sometime around June, 1943, Albert was sent to Bilibid Prison for processing. There he was given a physical, declared to be healthy, and boarded onto the Clyde Maru. The ship sailed on July 23, 1943, but instead of going toward Formosa, it went to Santa Cruz, Zambales, where the ship took on manganese ore. Three days later, the ship sailed for Formosa arriving there on July 28th. After a stay of nearly eight days, it sailed as a part of a nine ship convoy on August 5th. During the voyage, the convoy was attacked by American submarines. When the Clyde Maru arrived at Moji, Japan, on August 7, 1943, a number of ships in the convoy had been lost. After a two day train ride, the POWs arrived at their POW camp on August 10th.
In Japan, he was assigned to Fukuoka
#17 which was considered the worst of the
Japanese POW camps. The prisoners in this
camp worked in a coal mine that been condemned
by the Japanese. Albert and the other POWs
learned the war was over when George Weller, a
reporter from the Chicago Daily News, entered
the camp who entered the camp a month after the
end of the war. American B-29s flew over
the camp and dropped 55 gallon drums of supplies
Albert was sent back to the Philippines until it was determined that he was healthy enough to return to the United States. Like many members of the 192nd, Albert was promoted to Staff Sergeant after being liberated. He returned home on Thanksgiving Day, 1945, which was exactly four years, to the day, that he had arrived in the Philippines.
Albert married and was the father of a daughter and two sons. He spent 20 years working for the U.S. Post Office in Saint Paul, Minnesota. After he retired, he resided in Webster, Wisconsin. He passed away on August 3, 2012, and was the last surviving member of A Company. He was buried at Sacred Hearts Catholic Cemetery in Burnett County, Wisconsin.