Pvt. Charles V. Crompton

     Pvt. Charles V. Crompton was born on March 28, 1917, in Janesville, Wisconsin, to Bret Crompton & Arlene Hupel-Crompton, and with his six sisters and three brothers, he grew up in Harmony Township, Wisconsin.  The family later moved to Janesville and resided at 1203 Burnett Street.
    Like others of the time, Charles left school after completing eighth grade.  It is known that when he was in his twenties, he was working in as a stone crusher for the park service.  At some point he joined the Wisconsin National Guard's tank company in Janesville.
In September 1940, his National Guard unit was federalized and re-designated as A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion.  On November 25th, the company readied itself for training at Fort Knox, Kentucky.  The company boarded the train for Ft. Knox on November 28th. 
    When the tankers arrived at Ft. Knox, they learned that their barracks were not finished.  The area of the fort that they were assigned to was brand new, and they found themselves living in tents with stoves in them.  They remained in the tents several months.  When they did move into their barracks, the roads in front of them were mud since the winter was extremely wet.
    Charles, like all the other members of the battalion, learned to operate all the equipment of the battalion.  It is not known what he trained to do with the company.  In early 1941, he was transferred to Headquarters Company when it was formed with members of the four letter companies of the battalion.
    In late August, the battalion was informed it would take part in maneuvers in Louisiana.  During the maneuvers the battalion performed exceptionally well.  After the maneuvers, instead of returning to Ft. Knox, the battalion remained at Camp Polk.  None of the members had any idea why they were being kept there.
    On the side of a hill, the battalion members were informed that they were being sent overseas.  They were told that this decision had been made by General George S. Patton.  Those members of the battalion who were 29 years old or older, or married, were given the opportunity to resign from federal service.  Most of the men were allowed to go home and say their goodbyes.
    The battalion traveled by train to San Francisco, California, and were ferried to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island.  On the island, they received inoculations and physicals.  Those members of the battalion who were found to have treatable medical conditions remained behind on the island and scheduled to join the battalion at a later date.  Other men were simply replaced.

    The 192nd was boarded onto the U.S. A. T. Hugh L. Scott and sailed on Monday, October 27th.  During this part of the trip, many tankers had seasickness, but once they recovered they spent much of the time training in breaking down machine guns, cleaning weapons, and doing KP.   The ship arrived at Honolulu, Hawaii, on Sunday, November 2nd and had a two day layover, so the soldiers were given shore leave so they could see the island. 
    On Wednesday, November 5th, the ship sailed for Guam but took a southerly route away from the main shipping lanes.  It was at this time it was joined by, the heavy cruiser, the U.S.S. Louisville and, another transport, the S. S. Calvin Coolidge.  Sunday night, November 9th, the soldiers went to bed and when they awoke the next morning, it was Tuesday, November 11th.  During the night, while they slept, the ships had crossed the International Date Line.  On Saturday, November 15th, smoke from an unknown ship was seen on the horizon.  The Louisville revved up its engines, its bow came out of the water, and it shot off in the direction of the smoke.  It turned out the smoke was from a ship that belonged to a friendly country. During this part of the voyage, smoke from an unknown ship was seen on the horizon.  The cruiser that was escorting the two transports revved up its engines, its bow came out of the water, and it took off in the direction of the smoke.  It turned out that the unknown ship was from a friendly country.During this part of the voyage, smoke from an unknown ship was seen on the horizon.  The cruiser that was escorting the two transports revved up its engines, its bow came out of the water, and it took off in the direction of the smoke.  It turned out that the unknown ship was from a friendly countr
    When they arrived at Guam on Sunday, November 16th, the ships took on water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables before sailing for Manila the next day.  At one point, the ships passed an island at night and did so in total blackout.  This for many of the soldiers was a sign that they were being sent into harm's way.  The ships entered Manila Bay, at 8:00 A.M., on Thursday, November 20th, and docked at Pier 7 later that morning.  At 3:00 P.M., most of the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft. Stotsenburg.  Those who drove trucks drove them to the fort, while the maintenance section remained behind at the pier to unload the tanks.
    At the fort, they were greeted by Colonel Edward P. King, who apologized that the men had to live in tents along the main road between the fort and Clark Field.  He made sure that they all received what they needed and had Thanksgiving Dinner before he went to have his own dinner. 
Ironically, November 20th was the date that the National Guard members of the battalion had expected to be released from federal service.
For the next seventeen days the tankers worked to remove cosmoline from their weapons.  The grease was put on the weapons to protect them from rust while at sea.  They also loaded ammunition belts and did tank maintenance.

    On Monday, December 1st, the tanks were ordered to the perimeter of Clark Field to guard against paratroopers.  The 194th Tank Battalion guarded the northern half of the airfield, while the 192nd guarded the southern half.  At all times, two members of every tank and half-track crew remained with their vehicles.  Meals were brought to them by food trucks.    
    On the morning of December 8, 1941, the members of A Company were informed of the Japanese attack on Clark Field.  About 12:45 in the afternoon as the tankers were eating lunch, planes approached the airfield from the north.  At first, the soldiers thought the planes were American.  It was only when bombs began exploding on the runways that they knew the planes were Japanese.
   The 192nd remained at Clark field for about a week before they were ordered to the barrio of Dau so it would be near a road and railroad.  For the next four months, the tankers held positions so that the other units could disengage and form a defensive line.  During this time, it was HQ Company's job to make sure the tank crews were fed and received gasoline and ammunition.
The evening of April 8, 1942, Capt. Fred Bruni, HQ's commanding officer, gave his men the news of the surrender.  While informing the members of the company of the surrender, he waved his arm toward the tanks and told the men that they would no longer need them.  As he spoke, his voice choked.  He turned away from the men for a moment, and when he turned back he continued.  He next told the sergeants what they should do to disable the tanks.  During the announcement, Bruni emphasized that they all were to surrender together.   He told the soldiers to destroy their weapons and any supplies that could be used by the Japanese.  The only thing they were told not to destroy were the company's trucks.  The men waited in their bivouac until ordered to move.  Somehow, Bruni had found enough bread and pineapple juice for what he called, "Their last supper."   
    On April 11th, the first Japanese soldiers appeared at HQ company's encampment.  Donald was now a Prisoner of War.  A Japanese officer ordered the company, with their possessions, out onto the road that ran in front of their encampment.  Once on the road, the soldiers were ordered to kneel along the sides of the road with their possessions in front of them.  As they knelt, the Japanese soldiers, who were passing them, went through their possessions and took whatever they wanted from the Americans.  They remained along the sides of the road for hours.           

    HQ Company finally boarded trucks and drove to just outside of Mariveles.  From there, they walked to Mariveles Airfield and ordered to sit.  As they sat, John and the other Prisoners of War noticed a line of Japanese soldiers forming across from them.  They soon realized that this was a firing squad and the Japanese were going to kill them.         
    Later in the day, the POWs were moved to a schoolyard in Mariveles and again ordered to sit. 
Behind them were Japanese artillery pieces.  The guns were firing on Corregidor and Ft. Drum.  When the two American strongholds began returning fire, the prisoners found themselves in the line of fire and shells began landing around them.  Five POWs who hid in an old brick building were killed when it took a direct hit.  When the barrage ended, three if the four Japanese guns had been destroyed.       
    The Japanese ordered the POWs to form ranks and the men continued the march north to San Fernando where the POWs were put into a bull pen and left sitting in the sun again.  They finally were ordered to for detachments of 100 men and once this was done marched to the train station.  At the station were small wooden boxcars used to haul sugarcane known as "Forty or Eights," since each car could hold forty men or eight horses.  The Japanese packed 100 POWs into each car and closed the doors.  On the way to Capas, those POWs who died remained standing since there was no room for them to fall to the floors.  At Capas, the living left the cars and walked the last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell.

    Camp O'Donnell was an unfinished Filipino training base.  There was one water
faucet for the entire camp.  Men literally died for a drink.  The death rate in the camp began to rise until as many as 55 men dying each day.  The burial detail worked non-stop to bury the dead.  Often, when they returned the next morning, the wild dogs had dug up the bodies or the bodies were sitting up in their graves.

    The Japanese opened a new camp at Cabanatuan to lower the death rate.  Donald was sent to the camp.  Shortly after arriving in the camp, Charles became ill.  He was put in the camp hospital.  The medical staff had little medicine to treat the POWs. 
According to the records kept by the medical staff at Cabanatuan, Pvt. Charles V. Crompton died from diphtheria and malaria on Thursday, June 18, 1942, at approximately 3:15 P.M.  He was buried in the Cabanatuan Camp Cemetery.        
    After the war, the remains of Pvt. Charles V. Crompton were identified by the U.S. Recovery Team.  His family requested that they be returned to Janesville, Wisconsin.  In November 1951, Pvt. Charles V. Crompton was reburied at Milton Lawns Memorial Park in Section C, Lot 15, Grave 3.


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