|Pvt. Albert John
Pvt. Albert J. Christ was born on February14, 1917, in
Scranton, Pennsylvania, to Edward E. Christ &
Elizabeth Tierney-Christ. With his three sisters
and three brothers, he grew up at 4427 Maplecroft
Avenue in Parma, Ohio. He graduated high school
and went to work in an aluminum mill.
Albert was inducted into the U.S. Army on March 28, 1941, in Cleveland, Ohio, and sent to Fort Knox, Kentucky, for basic training. At Ft. Knox, he attended radio operators school and qualified as a tank crew radioman. During his time at Ft. Knox, he became good friends with Peter Pirnat. Both were from Ohio.
After completing basic training, Albert was sent to Camp Polk, Louisiana, and joined the 753rd Tank Battalion. The battalion had been sent to Camp Polk from Ft. Benning, Georgia. When it arrived, maneuvers were taking place, but the battalion did not take part in them. After the maneuvers ended, the 192nd Tank Battalion learned that they were being deployed. Men who were 29 years old were given the chance to resign from military service. Albert was assigned to Headquarters Company.
The 192nd was sent to San Francisco, California, over four different train routes. Once there, they were ferried to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island. While at the fort, they were given physicals and inoculated for tropical diseases. Those men who had physical ailments were held back and told they would rejoin the battalion at a later date. They never did.
The 192nd was boarded onto the U.S.S. Hugh L. Scott and sailed from San Francisco on Monday, October 27th, for Hawaii as part of a three ship convoy. They arrived at Honolulu on Sunday, November 2nd. The soldiers were given leaves so they could see the island. On Tuesday, November 4th, the ships sailed for Guam. When they arrived at Guam, the ships took on water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables. They sailed the same day for Manila. The ships entered Manila Bay on Thursday, November 20th. They docked at Pier 7 and the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft. Stotsenburg.
At the fort, they were greeted by Colonel Edward King, who apologized that the men had to live in tents along the main road between the fort and Clark Airfield. He made sure that they all received Thanksgiving Dinner before he went to have his own.
For the next seventeen days the tankers worked to remove cosmoline from their weapons. The grease was put on the weapons to protect them from rust while at sea. They also loaded ammunition belts and did tank maintenance.
The morning of December 8th, the officers of the 192nd were called to an office and informed of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The letter companies were ordered to the south end of Clark Airfield to guard against Japanese paratroopers. HQ Company remained behind in their bivouac.
All morning the sky was filled with American planes. At noon, the planes landed and the pilots went to lunch. At 12:45 in the afternoon, Japanese bombers appeared over Clark Field destroying the American Army Air Corps. Albert, and the other members of HQ, took cover since they had no weapons to use against the planes. After the attack, they witnessed the devastation caused by the bombing and strafing.
For the next four months Albert worked to keep the tanks running and supplied. On April 9, 1942, Bataan was surrendered to the Japanese at 7:00 A.M. The members of the company remained in their bivouac. Capt. Fred Bruni, HQ's commanding officer, gave his men the news of the surrender. He told the soldiers to destroy their weapons and any supplies that could be used by the Japanese. The only thing they were told not to destroy were the company's trucks. The men waited in their bivouac until ordered to move. Albert was now a Prisoner of War.
On April 11th, the first Japanese soldiers appeared at HQ company's encampment. A Japanese officer ordered the company, with their possessions, out onto the road that ran in front of their encampment. Once on the road, the soldiers were ordered to kneel along the sides of the road. They were told to put their possessions in front of them. As they knelt, the Japanese soldiers, who were passing them, went through their possessions and took whatever they wanted from the Americans.
The company boarded their trucks and drove to Mariveles. From there, they walked to Mariveles Airfield and sat and waited. As they sat, the POWs noticed a line of Japanese soldiers forming across from them. They soon realized that this was a firing squad and the Japanese were going to kill them.
As they sat watching and waiting to see what the Japanese intended to do, a Japanese officer pulled up in a car in front of the Japanese soldiers. He got out of the car and spoke to the sergeant in charge of the detail. The officer got back in the car and drove off. The Japanese sergeant ordered the soldiers to lower their guns.
Later in the
day, Albert's group of POWs was moved to a school
yard in Mariveles. The POWs were left sitting
in the sun for hours. The Japanese did not
feed them or give them water. The POWs
stayed there until they were ordered to move, they
had no idea that they started the death march.
It took the members of HQ Company
six days to reach San Fernando. Once there,
the POWs were put into a bull pen that had a fence
around it. In one corner was a slit trench to
be used as a toilet by the POWs. The surface
of the trench moved since it was covered in
maggots. The POWs had enough room to sit, but
they could not lie down. They remained in the pen
until ordered by the Japanese to form detachments of
While on the
detail, it was reported by other POWs that Albert
stole water from the Japanese on eight different
occasions and never was caught. Had he been
caught, he would have been executed. They
described him as being extremely brave.
Return to HQ Company