Pvt. Daniel Joseph Boni
| Pvt. Daniel J. Boni was born April
13, 1917, to Daniel F. Boni and Phyllis
Bronge-Boni and grew up at 1419 North Broadway
Avenue in Melrose Park, Illinois. To his
family, he was known as "Danny".
Danny attended Melrose Park School and Proviso
Township High School for two years but left
school to work as a furnace repairman. He
enlisted in the Illinois National Guard on March
21, 1939, at the armory across the street from
the high school. One of the other members
of the company was his cousin, Bob Bronge.
The company traveled west by train to
San Francisco, California, and was taken
by ferry to Ft. McDowell on Angel
Island. At Ft. McDowell, they were
given physicals and inoculated for
overseas duty. Those men
found to have a minor medical condition
were held back and scheduled to rejoin
the battalion at a later date.
Other men were simply replaced.
On December 1st, the tank
were sent to
of Clark Field
The 194th was
defend and the
192nd had the
At all times,
each tank or
to be manned
by two members
Those on duty
were fed by
At 12:45 in the afternoon on December 8, 1941,
just ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor,
Elkoney lived through the Japanese attack on
Clark Airfield. That morning, they had
been awakened to the news that the Japanese had
bombed Pearl Harbor just hours earlier.
Many of the men believed that this was the start
of the maneuvers. The tankers were eating
lunch when planes approached the airfield from
the north. At first, they thought the
planes were American, until they saw what looked
like rain drops falling from the planes.
It was only when bombs began exploding on the
runways that the tankers knew the planes were
Japanese. The company remained at Clark
Field for the next two weeks and lived through
several more air raids.
During the withdraw into the peninsula, the night of January 6th, the 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it, cross a bridge, and then cover the 192nd's withdraw over the bridge. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.
Over the next several months, the battalion fought battle after battle with tanks that were not designed for jungle warfare. The tank battalions , on January 28th, were given the job of protecting the beaches. The 192nd was assigned the coast line from Paden Point to Limay along Bataan's east coast. The Japanese later admitted that the tanks guarding the beaches prevented them from attempting landings.
also took part in the Battle of the Pockets
to wipe out Japanese soldiers who had been
trapped behind the main defensive
line. The tanks would enter the pocket
one at a time to replace a tank in the
pocket. Another tank did not enter the
pocket until a tank exited the pocket.
When the order came for the defenders of Bataan to surrender, Danny and the other members of Sgt. Zenon Bardowski's tank platoon attempted to get their tanks across to Corregidor. When it became evident that they would not be allowed to take the tanks to Corregidor, the tankers abandoned the tanks and went to Corregidor without them.
Danny would continue to fight until Corregidor surrendered on May 6, 1942. One of the greatest regrets Danny and the other members of his tank platoon had was not destroying their tanks. When the final all out attack on Corregidor came, it was led by their tanks which had been captured by the Japanese.
Danny and the other prisoners remained a Corregidor for several days on the beach. They were then taken down to the shore and boarded onto smaller boats. The boats took them to a larger ship that took them to an area near Manila. A few hundred yards from shore the POWs were made to jump into the water and swim to shore. Once on shore, they were marched ten miles to Bilibid Prison. He remained there for almost a week before being sent to Cabanatuan.
The prisoners were boarded onto a train and rode to the barrio of Cabanatuan. They were held in a school for two days before they marched ten miles to Cabanatuan. He would remain in the camp until he was selected to go out on a work detail.
In either late 1942 or early 1943, Danny was sent on a work detail to the Bachrach Garage in Manila. The POWs on the detail repaired mechanical equipment for the Japanese. With him on the detail, were Arthur VanPelt, Roger Heilig, Ralph Ellis and Warren Hildebrandt. All had been members of B Company.
In late 1944, when it became apparent to the
Japanese that the invasion of the Philippines
was near, most of the POWs on this detail were
sent to the Port Area of Manila. The
Japanese were attempting to send the healthy
POWs to Japan, and other countries, to work as
slave labor and prevent them from being
liberated by advancing American forces.
In early October 1944, the Danny and almost 1800 other POWs were marched to the Port Area of Manila. When his POW group arrived at the pier, the ship they where scheduled to sail on, the Hokusen Maru, was ready to sail, but some of the POWs in the detachment had not arrived at the pier. Another POW detachment had completely arrived, but their ship was not ready to sail. It was at that time that the Japanese made the decision that they switch POW detachments so the Hokusen Maru could sail.
On October 11th the POWs boarded the Arisan Maru and 1800 prisoners were crammed into the first hold of the Arisan Maru which could hold 400 men. They were packed in so tightly that they could not move. Those POWs who had lain down in the wooden bunks along the haul could not sit up because the bunks were so close together. Eight large cans served as the washroom facilities for the POWs.
On October 11th, the ship set sail but took a southerly route away from Formosa. Within the first 48 hours, five POWs had died. The ship anchored in a cove off Palawan Island where it remained for ten days. The Japanese covered the hatch with a tarp so during the night, the POWs were in total darkness. Being in the cove resulted in the ship missing an air raid by American planes, but the ship was attacked once by American planes while in the cove.
Each day, each POW was given three ounces of water and two half mess kits of raw rice. Conditions in the hold were so bad, that the POWs began to develop heat blisters.
Although the Japanese had removed the lights in
the hold, they had not turned off the power to
the lights. Some of the prisoners were
able to wire the ship's blowers into the light
power lines. This allowed fresh air into
the hold. The blowers were disconnected
two days later when the Japanese discovered what
had been done.
The Arisan Maru returned to Manila on October 20th, where it joined a twelve ship convoy. On October 21st, the convoy left Manila and entered the South China Sea. The Japanese refused to mark POW ships with red crosses to indicate they were carrying POWs making them targets for American submarines. In addition, U.S. military intelligence was reading the Japanese messages as fast as the Japanese. To protect this secret, they did not tell the submarine crews that ships were carrying POWs which made the ships targets for the submarines. The POWs in the hold became so desperate that they prayed for the ship to be hit by torpedoes.
According to the survivors of the Arisan Maru, on Tuesday, October 24, 1944, about 5:00 pm, some of the POWs were on deck preparing dinner for the POWs in the ship's two holds. The ship was, off the coast of China, in the Bashi Channel. Suddenly, sirens and other alarms were heard. The men inside the holds knew this meant that American submarines had been spotted and began to chant for the submarines to sink the ship.
The Japanese on deck ran to the bow of the ship. The waves were high since a storm had just passed. At about 5:50 P.M., as the POWs watched, the Japanese ran to the bow of the ship and a torpedo passed in front of the ship. Moments later, the Japanese ran to the ship's stern and watched as a second torpedo passed behind the ship. There was a sudden jar and the ship stopped dead in the water. It had been hit by two torpedoes amidships in its third hold where there were no POWs but still killed some POWs. It is believed that the submarine that fired the torpedoes was the U.S.S Snook.
The Japanese guards took their guns and used them as clubs on the POWs who were on deck. To escape, the POWs dove back into the holds. After they were in the holds, the Japanese cut the rope ladders into the holds and put the hatch covers on the holds, but they did not tie them down.
Some of the POWs from the first hold climbed out and reattached the ladders and dropped them to the men in the holds. The POWs left the holds but made no attempt to abandon ship. On the ship's deck an American major spoke to the POWs, he said, "Boys, we're in a hellva a jam - but we've been in jams before. Remember just one thing: We're American soldiers. Let's play it that way to the very end of the script." Right after he spoke, a chaplain said to them, "Oh Lord, if it be thy will to take us now, give us the strength to be men." The ship sank lower into the water.
According to surviving POWs, the ship stayed afloat for hours but got lower in the water. At one point, the stern of the ship began going under which caused the ship to split in half but the halves remained afloat. It was about this time that about 35 POWs swam to the nearest Japanese ship. When the Japanese realized that they were POWs, they pushed them underwater with poles and drowned them or hit them with clubs. Those POWs who could not swim raided the food lockers for a last meal, because they wanted to die with full stomachs. Other POWs took to the water with anything that would float.
POWs found an abandoned life boat and
managed to climb in but found it had no
oars. With the rough seas, they could
not maneuver it to help other POWs.
According to the survivors, the Arisan
Maru and sank sometime after dark on
Tuesday, October 24, 1944. The men in
the boat heard cries for help, which became
fewer and fewer, until there was
silence. The next day they picked up
two more survivors.
In June 1945, Danny's family received a POW postcard from him which was sent before he left the work detail. In the card, Danny wrote:
"Received the package you sent and was very much surprised for I did not expect it. I did expect to receive some mail but did not. So please write and tell the folks to write. And also send me photos. I am doing fine and hope to hear the same from you. Regards to all."
When his parents received this, they had no idea that Danny had already died on the Arisan Maru.
Pvt. Daniel J. Boni lost his life when the Arisan Maru was torpedoed in the South China Sea. Of the nearly 1800 POWs on the ship, only nine survived the sinking, and only eight of these men would survive the war. Since he was lost at sea, Pvt. Daniel J. Boni's name is inscribed on the Tablets of the Missing at the American Military Cemetery outside of Manila.